Natural Wonder Portugal

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Discover the untouched beauty of Portugal, a country celebrated for its deep history, dynamic culture, and breathtaking coastal landscapes. Home to some of the world’s most stunning natural wonders, Portugal offers serene islands, majestic mountains, and much more. This guide showcases ten must-see natural attractions, perfect for travel enthusiasts, nature lovers, and adventure seekers. Get ready to explore Portugal’s natural beauty with helpful insider tips and directions.

Portugal’s 10 Natural Wonders

1. Ponta da Piedade

natural wonders
A breathtaking view of Farol da Ponta da Piedade Lagos in Portugal

Nestled near Lagos in the Algarve, Ponta da Piedade is a spectacular coastal wonder featuring golden sandstone cliffs, hidden grottos, and natural sea arches.

Access to Ponta da Piedade is relatively straightforward, with a choice of pathways leading down to the beaches and boat tours. For those eager to witness its beauty from the sea, local guides offer kayak and boat tours that allow visitors to meander through the towering arches and into the hidden caves. If you prefer to take in the views from land, a well-maintained wooden boardwalk offers a less strenuous alternative, providing breathtaking viewpoints over the cliffs and the ocean beyond.

Insider tip: For photography enthusiasts or those simply seeking a moment of tranquility, the early morning light not only enhances the golden hue of the cliffs but also offers a chance to enjoy the site in relative solitude. Additionally, consider visiting during low tide, when more of the hidden beaches become accessible, revealing secluded spots that are perfect for a peaceful afternoon away from the more crowded areas.

2. Peneda-Gerês National Park

Peneda-Gerês, Portugal
Village de Soajo, Parc national de Peneda-Gerês, Portugal

Located in the verdant north of Portugal, Peneda-Gerês National Park is the only national park in the country and a haven for nature enthusiasts. With rugged hills, dense forests, and cascading waterfalls, it’s perfect for hiking, bird watching, and capturing breathtaking landscapes. Insider tip: Make sure to visit the traditional granaries in the village of Lindoso and the thermal springs near Vilar da Veiga for a unique cultural experience.

2. Benagil Cave

Benagil Cave
Benagil Cave, Algarve Portugal with sunbeams. Travel

The iconic Benagil Sea Cave, accessible only by water, is famous for its impressive dome-shaped interior and secluded beach, lit by a natural skylight.

How to access: Opt for a boat tour from Benagil beach or paddle your way there with a rented paddleboard or kayak for an adventurous visit.

4. Cabo de São Vicente

Cabo De Sao Vicente Cliff views

Cabo de São Vicente, often referred to as the “End of the World,” is not only geographically significant for being Europe’s southwesternmost point but also steeped in myths and legends. The rugged coastline, with its sheer cliffs plummeting into the deep blue of the Atlantic, creates a dramatic backdrop that has inspired tales of heroism and discovery dating back to the Age of Discoveries. The site’s historic lighthouse, one of the most powerful in Europe, casts a beam that can be seen for over 90 kilometers, serving as a guide for passing ships navigating these treacherous waters.

Visitors to Cabo de São Vicente are treated to one of the most breathtaking sunsets, where the sun dips directly into the ocean, painting the sky in fiery hues. The expansive ocean views stretch endlessly, providing a sense of solitude and connection with nature’s formidable beauty. The area is also a hotspot for bird watching, especially during migration seasons when various bird species traverse the skies above this dramatic landscape.

How to make the most of your visit: Dress warmly as the winds can be quite strong and chilly, even on sunnier days. There are a few local vendors near the lighthouse selling traditional Portuguese snacks and souvenirs, making it perfect for a picturesque picnic with a view. For those interested in the historical aspect, the nearby Sagres Fortress is worth a visit, offering insights into Portugal’s maritime past and Prince Henry the Navigator’s legacy.

5. Douro Valley

Douro wine region, portugal

The Douro Valley does more than just produce exquisite wines; it offers a scenic escape into Portugal’s rural charm. The region is cradled by rolling hills and lavish landscapes that come to life with the changing seasons, each offering a unique view of this UNESCO World Heritage site.

How to access: The Douro Valley is most accessible by train from Porto, with the route offering stunning views of the river and vineyards. The train ride itself is considered one of the most picturesque journeys in Portugal. For those seeking a more intimate experience with the landscape, car rentals allow for leisurely exploration along the winding roads that traverse the region. Alternatively, river cruises provide a serene way to admire the beauty of the Douro Valley, offering insights into the wine-making process and stops at various quintas (wine estates) for tastings.

Insider tip: To truly immerse yourself in the Douro Valley experience, consider staying at one of the quintas. Many of these wine estates offer accommodations and provide guests with a firsthand look at winemaking, from grape picking to wine tasting. Early fall is an ideal time to visit, not just for the dramatic colour change in foliage but also for the grape harvest season, offering visitors a chance to partake in the harvest alongside local vintners. This period brings a festive atmosphere to the valley, with the landscape alive with activity and the air filled with the aroma of fresh grapes and fermenting wine – what could be better!

6. Ria Formosa Natural Park

Aerial view of Ria Formosa Natural Park
Aerial view of Ria Formosa Natural Park
Flamingoes at Rio Formosa Natural Park

Ria Formosa Natural Park is a highlight of the Algarve region, known for its diverse habitats and status as a haven for migratory birds. Spanning over 60 kilometers along the coast, this natural park is a mosaic of barrier islands, marshlands, and lagoons, creating a unique landscape that changes with the tides. It’s not just a paradise for bird watchers; here, visitors can also encounter a rich variety of marine life and explore tranquil beaches that offer serene moments of solitude.

Insider tips: Take advantage of the park’s guided tours to gain deeper insights into its ecological importance and the conservation efforts in place to preserve its biodiversity. Spring and autumn are particularly rewarding times to visit, as these seasons boast an abundance of birdlife, including rare species such as the Purple Swamphen. For those who enjoy hiking, the park features several walking trails that offer stunning views and the chance to spot wildlife up close.

How to access: The park is easily accessible from the city of Faro. You can join a boat tour from Faro or Olhão, which will take you through the park’s waterways and give you the chance to land on some of its islands. For a more adventurous visit, consider renting a kayak to explore the park’s calm waters at your own pace. Cycling along the Ecovia do Litoral, a coastal bike trail, is another excellent way to appreciate the beauty of Ria Formosa, with several routes passing through the park and offering scenic vistas.

Whether you’re interested in exploring the park’s diverse ecosystems, enjoying its untouched beaches, or simply soaking in the stunning landscapes, Ria Formosa Natural Park offers an unparalleled experience that highlights the natural beauty of the Algarve region.

7. Costa Vicentina

Costa Vicentina - walk to the beach
Costa Vicentina Beach

Stretching along Portugal’s western coast from Odeceixe to Burgau, Costa Vicentina is a protected stretch of unspoiled beauty within the Southwest Alentejo and Vicentine Coast Natural Park. Renowned for its rugged cliffs, pristine beaches, and wild, natural scenery, it’s a haven for surfers, nature lovers, and those seeking solitude away from the bustle of the more touristy Algarve.

Insider tip: For an unforgettable experience, take the Rota Vicentina, a network of walking and cycling trails that offer an up-close view of the region’s biodiversity and landscapes. Visit during spring to witness the coast blanketed in wildflowers.

How to access: While somewhat remote, Costa Vicentina is accessible by car, which allows for the flexibility to stop at various viewpoints and beaches along the way. The nearest major towns are Lagos to the southeast and Sines to the north, both offering accommodations and amenities for travelers. Public transportation options are limited, so driving is the best way to explore this stunning coastline at your own pace

8. Tavira Island

A true gem in the Algarve, Tavira Island is praised not only for its pristine beaches but also for its unique ecosystem, including the Ria Formosa lagoon, which acts as a vital habitat for diverse bird species. Apart from sunbathing and swimming in its crystal-clear waters, visitors can enjoy bird watching, especially during the migration seasons. The island also boasts excellent seafood restaurants where you can savor fresh local dishes.

Access: Apart from the summer ferry, a water taxi service is available year-round, offering a more flexible schedule for visitors.

Insider tip: For those seeking tranquility, venture further away from the ferry dock to discover quieter spots along the extensive sandy shores.

9. Sete Cidades

Sete Cidades
Portugal, Azores archipelago, Sao Miguel island, Sete Cidades, Boca do Inferno viewpoint, view over Lagoa Santiago and Lagoa Azul crater lakes
Lakes at Sete Cidades

In São Miguel of the Azores, Sete Cidades is a large volcanic crater with two stunning lakes, offering unforgettable panoramic views from its perimeter. Legend has it that the lakes, one blue and one green, originated from the tears of a shepherd and a princess entwined in forbidden love. The breathtaking scenery may just move you to tears of joy!

How to access: Sete Cidades is easily accessible by car from Ponta Delgada, the largest city on São Miguel Island, with the drive taking approximately 30 minutes. There are also guided tours available that include transport, offering insightful commentary about the area’s geology and history.

Insider tip: To truly appreciate the beauty of Sete Cidades, consider hiking the trail that circumnavigates the rim of the crater. This path offers stunning views of both the green and blue lakes from varying perspectives. For a unique experience, start your hike early in the morning to catch the mesmerizing sunrise over the crater.

10. Mount Pico

View of Mount Pico
Island Pico with Volcano Mount Pico, Azores – view from island 
View from close to the top of Mount Pico

Mount Pico, standing as a towering beacon on Pico Island, is not only the highest peak in Portugal but also offers one of the most exhilarating hiking experiences in the Azores archipelago. The climb to its summit is a challenging yet rewarding endeavor, presenting climbers with breathtaking views that stretch across the Atlantic Ocean and its neighboring islands.

How to access: The starting point for the ascent is at the Casa da Montanha visitor center, where hikers can register, receive vital information about the climb, and if necessary, hire a guide. The center is accessible by car from anywhere on Pico Island, with the nearest town being Madalena.

Insider tip: Weather conditions on Mount Pico can change rapidly, and the summit is often covered in clouds. For the best experience, start your hike early in the morning to increase your chances of clear views. Also, it’s essential to wear suitable hiking boots and bring layers of clothing, as temperatures can vary significantly. Lastly, hiring a local guide is not only recommended for safety reasons but also enriches the experience by offering insights into the mountain’s geology, flora, and fauna.


Portugal’s natural attractions offer a mix of adventure and serenity, captivating all who visit. From exploring sea caves and hiking through ancient forests to soaking in the scenic beauty of mountain peaks, these experiences connect you to nature in a magical way. And even though it doesn’t need to be said, do remember, respecting the environment and local communities is key to preserving these sites for future explorers.


Also check out:
Weather in Portugal – best time to visit

17 UNESCO World Heritage sites in Portugal
Ultimate List of Travel Resources

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